From the tradition of the Maori to the semi-forgotten Moors, going back to ethnic and cultural components that flow into the world of Myth: the Patupaiarehe, a "fairy" people of legends, Indian influence, the disconcerting distribution of the sweet potato kumara on both sides shores of the Pacific, Thor Heyerdahl's "thalassocratic" theory ... up to the most modern genetic analyzes.
di Marco Maculotti
cover: mummified Maori skulls, decorated with the typical tattoos
When we talk about today native populations of New Zealand the mind immediately goes to maori, known all over the world for their characteristic tattoos and warlike dances, staged even before the rugby matches of the national team. Nonetheless, other ethnic groups and cultures have, in hindsight, alternated in the history of the island's colonization, while continuing to remain invisible even to most of the academic world.
Here we will have the opportunity to investigate in what terms the existence of archaic ethnic groups, who settled on the island before the Maori, is first of all corroborated by the same oral tradition of the latter, as well as by some "contaminations" present in their language, in the astronomical denominations (clearly Indian derivation) and finally - as has been deduced from recent genetic analyzes - in the DNA.
The forgotten extermination of the Moors
A first mention is to be reserved obligatorily to He died, an ethnic group of Polynesian lineage (according to some "paleo-Caucasoid", similar to the Ainu of Japan) that starting from 1500, separated from the main Maori lineage, settled in the Chatham Islands, south of New Zealand. Carried by the precariousness of their existence (the Chathams are among the hardest places to survive in the entire archipelago, due to the considerably colder than average temperatures due to the proximity to Antarctica), as well as by the laws of their chieftain Nunuku-whenua (deified following his death) to ban any type of war activity and the practice of cannibalism, they suddenly found themselves in the eye of the storm of history, going towards what, although little known, is configured as one of the most ferocious ethnic cleanses of the last centuries.
Previously decimated by 10% due to diseases imported by the British, against which they had no immune defense, they were however the Maori "neighbors", armed by the British imperialists, to carry out a massacre that is unprecedented in the history of Oceania, if only for the fact of having seen in the role of executioner - as well as that of victim - another equally indigenous population, and not the white man.
No one can say for sure what clicked in the minds of the Maori when they found themselves in possession, for the first time, of weapons with such high war potential. The historical chronicles only report that it was a real carnage: Following the ethnic cleansing of 1835, the Moors made up only 10% of New Zealand's native population in the mid-XNUMXth century. THE few remaining were almost all exterminated during the next "Maori Wars" (1845 - 1872), a sort of "all against all" conflict between the British and the indigenous tribes of the island; over three thousand Moors were massacred in 1860 alone, during clashes with the neighboring Tuwharetoa tribe. The last man with entirely died blood, this Tommy Solomon, passed away on March 19, 1933, thus decreeing the actual disappearance from the history of this ethnic component.
However, this will not be the specific topic we will focus on here: we want to deal rather with investigating the Ethnic-cultural stratification of New Zealand, starting from the stories of the oral tradition that make up the corpus mythical-historian of the Maori people who, following the brutal ethnocide against the peaceful Moors, is today the only native component of New Zealand - or at least, as we will see, the only one fully recognized as such. Nonetheless, the narration of what the history of the island has been since we can remember it presents many gray areas, ethnic-cultural alternations that are ignored by the most ignored, also due to the negligence - as we will see - of insiders who with good reason could be defined as "deniers".
I Patupaiarehe, fairy offspring of New Zealand folklore
It's the same oral tradition maori to pass on that when, around 700 AD, they set foot in New Zealand, they found a lineage of men already settled on the spot, which they named "The Measurers", since they seemed obsessively busy measuring the territory and "marking" it with a series of menhirs and megalithic blocks aligned according to some leylines details. Precisely because they anticipated the Maori in the colonization of the island, they were also called Tangata Whenua, namely the "Lords of the Earth"; it seems that they lived on the top of Mount Wakefield, still considered today the "Holy Mountain" of island folklore. Maori legends still remember a bloody one today war called "of the five forts" during which the defenses of these predecessors were overwhelmed, and they exterminated (R. Thorsten, Lords of the soil).
In today's tradition they are remembered as Pākehā (plural pakerewha), a term that alludes to their fair skin and which is synonymous with Patupaiarehe, denomination apt to indicate a mythical population of Maori folklore, with white skin tending to blue and blond or red hair, who according to mythical narratives owned canoes (waka) able to fly. Thus the legend of these "fairies white "is summarized by James Cowan in the chapter "The Patu Paiarehe: the Fairy People of the Mountains" in Te Tohunga by W. Dittmer [1907, p. 74]:
«Far up in the misty mountains dwell the Patu-paiarehe, the fairies of Maori Land. They are seldom seen; and, indeed, most mortals who have no gift of imagination and no mana-tapu cannot expect to behold the good people, and many who know no better deny their existence. It is supposed by some that they were really tribes of aborigines whom the Maoris found dwelling in this wild new land when they arrived here from the isles of Polynesia. But the old Maoris say that they still inhabit certain of the lofty forest-clad mountains of Aotearoa - a numerous people, some of them tiny gnomes and elves and pixies, some of them in the presentment of men and women of this world but smaller and exquisitely - shaped and with fair hair and fair skins just like Europeans. They are known to the Maoris by several names: Turehu, Tahurangi, Macro, and Patu-paiarehe; but their common designation is Patu-paiarehe. They are a bright, cheerful race, and take great pleasure in music. They are skilled in charms and the art of enchantment, and many a strange adventure has happened to the Maori who has had the temerity to venture into their haunts. "
Other terms that are used by the natives to indicate those who are characterized by fair skin and rutilism are Turehu, Ngati Hotu e Urukehu: words still used today by the Maori to refer both to this mysterious population that anticipated them in the colonization of the island and, more generally, to the people of European stock or in any case with white skin. When the British arrived in New Zealand with their own vessels, the Maori mistook them for this ancient lineage returning: one of their chieftains, seeing them arrive, in fact stated: "ko te pakerewha", That is to say:" they are the pakerewhā "(something similar happened, as well as in the Pacific islands - particularly famous is the case of Captain James Cook in Hawaii - too in the Americas at the time of the Spanish Conquest).
On the other hand, testimonies of individuals characterized by fair skin and hair tending to blond or reddish and of more massive build than average are found throughout the Pacific starting from the time of the first explorations: from Tahiti to Micronesia (Louis Antoine Comte de Bouganville in 1772 and Louis Figuier in 1874 talks about it), from Polynesia (Mario Canella 1942) to the Solomon Islands (Pedro Fernandez de Quiros), from the Moluccas and Sandwich at the Marquesas (again in 1902 Paul Huguenin noted that the families of the great leaders of Nouka Hiva in the Marquesas called themselves "Arri" and were characterized by bluish eyes and red hair).
What is certain is that the mythology of the Maori themselves, as well as their language, were indelibly influenced by the encounter and coexistence with these peoples who preceded them and who were subsequently exterminated and partly absorbed by them (there are those who hypothesized that the Moors were the ethnic group in which the genetic contribution of this unknown lineage). In the last century, several scholars of ethnology and religious art, not least Thor Heyerdahl (American Indians in the Pacific, 1951), have noted the singular similarity between some pattern characteristic of Maori art and others of distant cultures in time and space: the name of the Celts was made above all for the "knot" decorative motifs, as well as the Hawaiians, Tahitians and totems of some Amerindian populations of the North coast- western (Tlinglit, Haidu, Kwakiutl, Salish).
An Indian influence?
At the end of the nineteenth century, the New Zealand scholar Edward Tregear, a fervent supporter of the "comparative method", wrote the controversial volume The Aryan Maori (1885) in which, making up methodologically to the philological studies of the orientalist Max Müller, he analyzed Maori mythology and especially the language, comparing it with Sanskrit and with the other languages of the Indo-European family. His hypothesis was that the idiom and the corpus mythical-folkloric of the New Zealand Maori had been shaped by an external influence, probably coming from India. In this excerpt, for example, he examines a term of the Maori language, rangatira, which can be associated with Latin vir and Sanskrit vira ("Man, hero", in Tantric language "initiated") [p. 88]:
« The maori word rangatira is a good example for us to consider. The English use the word "Mon" in two senses, one having the sense of (Lat.) homo, a man, meaning a human being (and including women and children); the other the sense of (Lat.) vir, a man, a virile man, a male. [...] Ranga-tira means the rayed, shining man, the chief, not the common crowd. »
Even the knowledge of the starry vault for navigation purposes would seem to have been taught to the Maori by ancient settlers from India, since they call the constellations with names deriving from the Hindu tradition, however giving the utmost importance to asterisms such as the Ursa Major and the Pleiades who enjoyed the highest consideration in the Vedic texts [p. 107]:
"When the Maoris lost sight of the sacred constellation, the Great Bear, the Riki (seven stars - Seven Rishis), they still held in the Pleiades, and called them Matariki (eyes of the Rikis). "
Tregear's interpretative framework, although not devoid of hyperbole and interpretations bold, turned out to be roughly correct, although it took thirty years to see it confirmed in the essay by Alfred K. Newman Who are the Maoris? (1914), which he echoed James Cowan with his The Maori: Yesterday and Today (1930), where he hypothesized that Indian colonization had reached Africa. More recently, among others, he has contributed to the theory of "Hindu influence" too TA Pybus with The Maoris of the South Island (1954), where he comes to mention the Indian influence on a vast range of terms, customs, decorative motifs, construction techniques used by the Maori, up to the art of tattooing [p. 13]:
«In various ways India left its impress upon the ancestors of the Maori. In Western Polynesia the people resemble the Hindu in a greater degree than do the Maoris of New Zealand. The name “Maori” is known in Northern India, viz., Maori, Mori, Mauri and Maurea. Watkin, in his Journal of him, uses the name Mauri when writing of the native people of New Zealand. Mr. AK Newman, in his book "Who are the Maoris?" points out that many Maori names and words can be traced to India. The Maori legends of the origin of Maui are the same in India. Newman also points out that the protruding tongue in Maori art is characteristic of many Indian images of gods; that the Maori fortified pas, and their mode of fighting are Indian; that their canoes and canoe sails are Indian; that their tattooing is Indian. He is also of the opinion that some of the Maori customs and habits had their origin in India, and that the foods they cultivated - the to last and the taro - were cultivated in India and planted with the same religious rites. Cowan in "The Maori: Yesterday and Today", page 27, calls attention to the theory (and indeed more than a theory) that those ancient intrepid navigators in their wanderings coasted down the eastern shores of the African Continent at least as far as the Zambezi, and that they visited and partly colonized Madagascar, which would account for the resemblances between the Maori-Polynesian language and Malagasy. The Rev. JFH Wohlers in his autobiography also calls attention to the similarities that obtain between the Maori and the Malagasy and gives examples: "Judging by this relation of language the Malagasy in Madagascar, the Maori in New Zealand, as well as the whole Polynesian population of the South Seas, must have had a common origin, and have emigrated from the same country, etc. " "
The case of the sweet potato to last
The question of to last it is particularly significant to give us an idea of the migrations and colonizations that have affected New Zealand over the millennia. The Europeans encountered it for the first time in 1492, when Christopher Columbus landed with his men on the island that was renamed by him Hispaniola (today Dominican Republic and Haiti); here it was skillfully cultivated by the native Taino population. Thirty years later the Spaniards found abundant crops in the Yucatan and, when they came in Perù, they realized that the entire west coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean was teeming with fields of to last. Today it is known that its cultivation began in South America at least 4.000 years before the landing of the Pathfinders, that is, at least in the 2.500 before our era, and in Mesoamerica at least 5.000 years ago; the basin of origin was traced to an area located between the Yucatán peninsula and the delta of the Orinoco River, in Venezuela.
The exploratory missions of the Pacific islands which were carried out later made Europeans realize how, despite all expectations, the cultivation of sweet potatoes took place on a large number of islets lost in the middle of the ocean, such as for example. Rapa Nui, the Cook Islands, Hawaii, the Solomon Islands and, indeed, New Zealand. Since the Cooks' crops were dated to AD 1.000 with the radiocarbon method, it was considered reasonable to assume that the importers had been the Polynesians, of which the insiders were now well aware of the superb skills of navigators, to the point of naming them "The Vikings of the South Seas". They they would have imported it from Peru around 700 of our era, also making a stop in New Zealand.
It was only in recent years that a new academic study changed all the cards on the table: it was discovered that sweet potato crops were already present in the Polynesian and New Zealand territory for thousands of years before purchasing, compared to the arrival of the ancestors of the local population today. How Had it reached us there, in such archaic times and on shores so out of the way? Chi had he brought it to us? What kind of men, in what the universities then considered full prehistory, was already in possession of the technique to make titanic ocean crossings and to spread crops from one part of the planet to the other, at will? It was in fact evident that the tuber in question must have been imported from overseas, that is to say from the Americas: and, although the type of Mexican sweet potato is more similar to that of New Zealand, it is at least noteworthy that the definition of the latter (to last) is practically identical to the Peruvian one (kumar), as if they were coined by the same mind!
It seems to us that the exceptional case of the to last New Zealand, please confirm in whole the hypotheses put forward in the last century by Thor Heyerdahl. The latter, a well-known Norwegian explorer as well as a talented anthropologist and archaeologist, shocked universities all over the world when, around 1950, he theorized qualcosa that no one at that time was willing to seriously consider: the supposed existence, many millennia ago, of a thalassocratic civilization of navigators, remembered in the mythology of almost all the Pacific islands as «cultural heroes "and" mythical ancestors ", and as creators of civil and religious institutions, inventors of language and art, masters in astronomical sciences and agricultural practices (including water channeling and irrigation work), as well as - Last but not least — speakers of megalithism in almost all the islands of the South Seas.
Starting from these premises, Heyerdahl brought countless proofs to confirm his theory: the same "intertwined" canoes were found alike on the Nile in Egypt, on Lake Titicaca in the Andes and in some cultures of the Pacific; identical mummification processes in Peru, Egypt, Canary Islands (among the mysterious Guanches); the same "terrace" crops in South America and Southeast Asia; equal weaving techniques; creation of idols (lithic or wooden) of similar workmanship on both sides of the ocean (dai totem North Americans, ai tiki of the Pacific, to the representations of supernatural beings by pre-Columbian peoples); use of shared symbols and recurring mythologems that betray a common origin.
That of the demonic face with the "protruding tongue" (and often with serpentine hair and a mouth with fangs), mentioned by Newman as one of the recurring motifs of the religious art of cultures distant from each other in time and space, is an exceptional case that perhaps, in the light of what has been demonstrated by authors such as Heyerdahl, it is not a heresy to consider coming, in origin, from a common source: a culture of a maritime type, which spread here and there bringing with it his advanced knowledge and joining the various indigenous peoples he met in the various territories where his vessels arrived.
La protruding tongue ("Protruding tongue") sin fact, it is found in India, especially in the extreme South overlooking the Indian Ocean, where the goddess Kali he is the most worshiped deity, and in the whole area of South-East Asia, especially insular (Bali, Java); in Mesoamerica (think, for example, of the best-known representation of aztec calendar) and in Peru; in various islands of the Pacific and in some Amerindian tribes of the Northwest American coast. But we also encounter it in our Europe, with significant peaks in the Mediterranean area, from Greece (also and above all insular; see Medusa and the Gorgons) to Italy, especially among the Tyrrhenians / Etruscans who were expert navigators and that the mythical tradition wants to belong to the enigmatic "red race " which would also include the Phoenicians, the Pelasgians and other "Peoples of the Sea", the Basques (whose genome seems to be very similar to that of the original inhabitants of Rapa Nui [Susan B. Martinez, The Lost Continent of Pan, p. 57]), as well as perhaps some of the ancestors of the pre-Columbian peoples. We find the protruding tongue also in the totemic art of the populations of British Columbia and the Northwestern American-Canadian coast (Tlinglit, Haida, etc.), populations that Heyerdahl himself considered genetically and culturally connected to those of the South Seas.
Which peoples? Which routes?
In the thirties of the last century Maggie Papakura, a Maori woman of noble lineage, wrote a book entitled The Old Time Maori (1938), which speaks of an ancient lineage, i Ngati Hotu, of which she herself is a descendant, characterized by fair skin and blond or reddish hair, green eyes and tall stature, corroborating her theories with photos of living members of this lineage apparently ignored by the "official history". Maybe therethe survival of this people can be related to the legends that the ethnologist collated Elsdon Best in Tuhoe: Children of the Mist (1913): some fair-skinned natives had told him that 165 generations earlier (about 4.000 ago), their lineage came from present-day India, following a furious war against a brown people, perhaps (some scholars have hypothesized) that which is sung in the Indian epic poem Mahabharata.
The simplest reconstruction to hypothesize (as well as to prove) - one would automatically think - can only be that of a flight-emigration by settlers from the Indian peninsula towards the South-East, “Making a stopover” gradually in the islands of the Indonesian archipelago (Sumatra, Java, Bali) and the Polynesian one, finally arriving in New Zealand. Instead, according to most of the authors we have mentioned, the exiles may have taken - in addition or as an alternative to that route - a longer route: they would have circumnavigated Africa to the south (colonizing the Madagascar), then went up the Atlantic Ocean at a time of Mexico; from there they descended towards the South all the South American coast and reached Lake Titicaca (they could therefore be the "Children of the Sun" /Viracochas of the Andean myth). So, from the southern end of what is now the coast of Perù, they stopped in Rapa Nui (present-day Easter Island), in Hawaii and on the island of Tahiti, to finally land in New Zealand [these theories are also advanced in the two videos of the miniseries "New Zealand: Skeletons in the Cupboard", which we attach below for those wishing to view it].
According to oral tradition, Easter Island was civilized primarily by a colony of reddish-blond navigators from Peru, whose leader called himself Hotu Matua. They brought 67 engraved tablets to Rapa Nui on which the whole history of their nation was written. It is also said that Hotu Matua later colonized many other islands in the Pacific, importing various fruits, sweet potatoes (the already mentioned to last), the characteristic canoes of Titicaca and megalithic constructions such as i chulpa which can still be seen today near Puno, on the shores of the aforementioned lake. The technique with which the polygonal wall of the named Easter Island was erected Vinapu it is the same used by the ancient builders of the main sites of the Sacred Valley of Cuzco (Sacsayhuaman, Ollantaytambo, Tambomachay, Pisaq), as well as remembering some Japanese megalithic walls, such as those of the most ancient layers of the imperial palaces of Tokyo and Osaka.
Among other things, to confirm the evidence that has been collected in recent decades, there is a New Zealand tribe which, according to its oral tradition, came precisely from Easter Island about eighty generations ago (about 2.000 years): call i Waitaha (lit. "Beyond the waters") [Barry Brailsford, Song of Waitaha: The Histories of a Nation]. It seems, therefore, that groups of settlers of this ancient lineage (defined by most as "Caucasoid") came from the other side of the Pacific Ocean in a time span ranging from 4.000 to 2.000 years ago, only to stop suddenly. The Maori arrived seven centuries after what appears to be their last expedition from overseas.
It would seem crazy. Yet the results of the genetic test of a high Maori dignitary living [see the two embedded videos above], which is considered to belong to this ancient lineage, has given surprising results: it has been discovered that its genome has similarities on the one hand with that of Persian Indo-Europeans (from today's Iran) and Northern India - therefore, in other words, of those populations that the orientalists of the nineteenth century used to define "Aryans" - and with that of the Caucasian peoples of Eurasia (especially Germany and Russia); on the other with that of a part of Peruvians and Mexicans. In addition, some researchers have reported the existence of some words of the Maori idiom identical to the same concepts in the most ancient Peruvian languages; we report here three of the most significant:
Burials and cover-ups
The New Zealand oral tradition also recalls (it is not clear exactly to what extent this lineage is to be related to the light-skinned "cultural heroes" characterized by rutilism) a white race of red-haired giants who would have lived in the past at the plateau near Raglan Harbor and Port Waikato. Even today it is possible to find their skulls "as big as a pumpkin" - the locals assure them -, as well as other remains were found in a cave near Lake Okataina. (Correspondences with the mummies of the necropolis of Paracas, on the Peruvian coast, characterized by rutilism, considerable height and elongated skull, and with similar ones, found and analyzed in the nineteenth century and then disappeared, of the world by Adena in Ohio and di Lovelock Cave in Nevada).
Despite the discovery in the last two centuries of thousands of skeletons of considerably above average height, mostly buried in the fetal position, all the museums refused to exhibit them (some citing reasons such as "They are not of our clan; they are not our ancestors; we don't know what to do with it»). As a result of this absurd decision, they were almost all destroyed or buried again where they were found, with no possibility of being exposed to the public or properly studied by the experts.
In addition, the genetic analysis of thousands of skeletons of He died slain in the nineteenth century, found in some caves, led to the discovery that the DNA of the latter strikingly resembles that of the pre-Celtic natives settled in Wales before 1.500 BC, as well as the Basques. The parallelism, raised by some researchers, with i Scottish Picts who fought against the Romans in the first centuries of our era does not seem out of place, taking into account both the tattoos with which they painted their entire body in battle, and the "War dances" which may not be very different from those for which the Maori are still famous around the world today.
In 1957, some were discovered inside the Waipua Forest "Walls dry " very similar to those that are still scattered today in Ireland or Scotland, or in the Alps, which date back to at least 2.000 BC; even on these structures, however, the academic authorities have not given any judgment, and today they are not recorded in the annals of the history of New Zealand, simply because following slavishly the official theory of the island's population (of which it is claimed that the Maori were the first settlers, even contradicting the tradition of the Maori themselves!) they would not know what to do. Other structures of this type can be admired not far from Auckland Airport (Otuataua Stone Fields) or Tapapakanga Park; in the latter place are also visible the remains of a multitude of circular tower-like structures which remember very closely i chulpa of Peru.
Cataclysms, comets and Chinese
The oral tradition of the Waitaha tribe (i.e. those who would have arrived 4.000 - 2.000 years ago from Easter Island) also refers to the existence in the past of an ethnic group even prior to their arrival, with "dark complexion, frizzy hair and skeletal legs", which was said to have come from the West in a very remote past, and later settled at Lake Hawea on the southern island of New Zealand. It seems to be the same australoid branch of the Australian aborigines, who according to scholars left Africa 50 to 70.000 years ago to settle in Oceania. The aforementioned Tregear suggests that the very ancient migration of this Australoid race is perhaps to be related to the sinking of the mythical Lemuria (p.89):
"To find the true African language you can search among the Australians or the Papuans […] Many modern men of science believe that there once stretched a vast continent or closely-connected chain of islands eastward from Africa. Whether it is now under the sea, leaving its peaks only (as geologists think), will perhaps be known one day, and "Lemuria " proved to have existed. The presence of a race with African resemblances encircles half the globe. "
According to geologists, on the other hand, New Zealand has been affected by three major disasters in the last 50 millennia: the first around 45.000 years ago, the second 26.500 years ago and the last around 6.000. More recently, the eruption of Indonesia's Rinjani volcano in 1257 upset the ecological balance of the Pacific for centuries. Catastrophes closest to the present day, such as the 1887 eruption of the Tarawera volcano, appear laughable compared to the ancient ones discovered by geologists. The fall of a fiery comet in the XNUMXth century in Tamatea is still remembered today in Maori myths (and also in those of the Australian aborigines, who also witnessed the event). The Maori tradition handed down that "Suddenly the sky became fiery, and the fire spread first in the woods and in the sea, then on the whole southern island"; the crater caused by this catastrophic event was recently discovered by a team of geophysicists not far from Lake Stewart. Also Chinese recorded the event: in 1421 they had started an exploratory voyage in the Pacific, which led them to settle in Polynesia and to arrive, under the Ming Dynasty, between 1402 and 1424, in New Zealand - where indeed they were Chinese pottery from that time was found.
But already millennia earlier groups of settlers arrived in New Zealand from southern China: the Hemudu culture (Proto-Polynesian), settled in Southeast Asia from 7.500 to 5.000 years ago. To corroborate this hypothesis, a wooden fragment of a boat was found, dated with the radiocarbon method to 6.000 years ago. Starting from the Yellow Sea, the Hemedu navigators reached Polynesia, the Marquesas Islands, Taiwan, Japan, Oceania, Tahiti, Hawaii (whose natives still remember this event with the foundation myth) and according to some they even settled on the west coast of Canada. They would be precisely one of the two ancient populations that shared the dominion of the Pacific Ocean according to the theory of Thor Heyerdahl (the other being the "paleo-Caucasian" one characterized by rutilism): the "paleo-Mongolian" lineage that gave birth to the Tliglit and Haida cultures on the coast of Northwest America.
- BEST, Elston: Tuhoe: Children of the Mist
- (de) BOUGANVILLE, Louis Antoine Comte: Travel around the world 1772
- BRAILSFORD, Barry: Song of Waitaha: The Histories of a Nation
- CINNAMON, Mario: Extinct and living human races 1942
- COWAN, James: "The Patu Paiarehe: the Fairy People of the Mountains"In W. Dittmer, Te Tohunga 1907
- FIGUIER, Louis: The human races 1874
- HEYERDAHL, Thor: American Indians in the Pacific 1951
- HUGUENIN, Paul: Raiatea la Sacree: Iles Sous Le Vent de Tahiti 1902
- MARTINEZ, Susan B .: The Lost Continent of Pan: the Oceanic Civilization at the Origin of World Culture, Bear & Company, Rochester 2016
- PAPAKURA Maggie: The Old Time Maori 1938
- PYBUS, TA: The Maoris of the South Island 1954
- TREGEAR, Edward: The Aryan Maori 1886
- THORSTEN, R .: Lords of the soil. The Story of Turehv. The White Tangata Whenua
Beautiful article, very interesting, especially for someone like me, who has New Zealand in his heart. I was there for a few days (I made a bridge from Australia, where my sister lives) and the next time I go back to the “Land Down Under” I'll take a leap again. Magnificent, very green, magical land; crazy to say, but I immediately felt at home ... maybe an ancestral reminder of a previous life? I confirm that I have not even heard of the Moors, completely absent in the museums of Auckland and not even mentioned to me by the cultured Italian friend who has lived there for years.
Thank you for your work, I follow you and always read you with great pleasure.
Heartfelt thanks Simone, for me it is always a great pleasure to read comments like yours. I personally have never been to New Zealand, but it has been some time that somehow "kidnapped" me, between various readings and visions of videos and documentaries. It goes without saying that at the moment it would be one of the destinations I would most like to visit. Good continuation, and thanks again for your contribution.
You are a very special site that offers very interesting ideas, thanks to you I discovered authors I did not know, keep it up and ... break the piggy bank and go to NZ you will see what a wonderful land with primordial vegetation, it is really "another world"